Felix Schönbrodt

PD Dr. Dipl.-Psych.


Peer-Reviewed Publications

In press

  • Schönbrodt, F., Wagenmakers, E.-J., Zehetleitner, M., & Perugini, M. (online first). Sequential hypothesis testing with Bayes factors: Efficiently testing mean differences. Psychological Methods. doi:10.1037/met0000061 [PDF link]
  • Hagemeyer, B., Schönbrodt, F. D., Neyer, F. J., Neberich, W., & Asendorpf, J. B. (online first). When “together“ means “too close“: Agency motives and relationship functioning in co-resident and living-apart-together couples. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. [PDF, 560 KB]
  • Schiestel, L., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (in press). Does the experience of presence restore self-control? Self and Identity. doi:10.1080/15298868.2015.1132758


  • Morey, R. D., Chambers, C. D., Etchells, P. J., Harris, C. R., Hoekstra, R., Lakens, D., Lewandowsky, S., Coker Morey, C., Newman, D. P., Schönbrodt, F. D., Vanpaemel, W., Wagenmakers, E.-J., Zwaan, R. A. (in press). The Peer Reviewers’ Openness Initiative: Incentivising open research practices through peer review. Royal Society Open Science. doi:10.1098/rsos.150547 [PDF link][Website]
  • Bleidorn, W., Schönbrodt, F. D., Gebauer, J. E., Rentfrow, P. J., Potter, J., & Gosling, S. D. (2016). To live among like-minded others: Exploring the links Between person-city Personality fit and self-esteem. Psychological Science. doi:10.1177/0956797615627133
  • Luhmann, M., Necka, E. A., Schönbrodt, F. D., & Hawkley, L. C. (2016). Is valuing happiness associated with lower well-being? A factor-level analysis using the Valuing Happiness Scale. Journal of Research in Personality, 60, 46-50. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2015.11.003 [PDF link]


  • Schönbrodt, F. D., & Hagemeyer, B. (2015). The value of past and present cues: An evolutionary perspective. European Journal of Personality, 29, 382–432. doi:10.1002/per.2005 [PDF]
  • Nestler, S., Grimm, K. J., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2015). The social consequences and mechanisms of personality: How to analyse longitudinal data from individual, dyadic, round-robin and network designs. European Journal of Personality, 29, 272–295. [PDF, 1 MB]
  • Dufner, M., Arslan, R. C., Hagemeyer, B., Schönbrodt, F. D., & Denissen, J. J. A. (2015). Affective contingencies in the affiliative domain: Physiological assessment, associations with the affiliation motive, and prediction of behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 109, 662–676. doi:10.1037/pspp0000025 [PDF, 300 KB]
  • Richetin, J., Costantini, G., Perugini, M., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2015). Should we stop looking for a better scoring algorithm for handling Implicit Association Test data? Test of the role of errors, extreme latencies treatment, scoring formula, and practice trials on reliability and validity. PLoS ONE 10, e0129601. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0129601 [Open Access PDF]
  • Stas, L., Schönbrodt, F. D., & Loeys, T. (2015). Getting the most out of family data with the R package fSRM. Journal of Family Psychology, 29, 263–275. doi:10.1037/fam0000058 [PDF, 1.6 MB]
  • Luhmann, M., Schönbrodt, F. D., Hawkley, L. C., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2015). Loneliness and social behaviours in a virtual social environment. Cognition and Emotion, 29, 548–558. doi:10.1080/02699931.2014.922053 [PDF, 444 KB]


  • Süßenbach, F. & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2014). Not afraid to trust you: Trustworthiness moderates gaze cueing. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 26, 670-678. doi: 10.1080/20445911.2014.945457 [publisher link][PDF + raw data + R script available on Open Science Framework]
  • Larue, D., Schmidt, A. F., Imhoff, R., Eggers, K., Schönbrodt, F. D., & Banse, R. (2014). Validation of direct and indirect measures of preference for sexualized violence. Psychological Assessment, 26, 1173–1183. doi:10.1037/pas0000016 [PDF, 212 KB]



  • Schönbrodt, F. D., & Gerstenberg, F. X. R. (2012). An IRT analysis of motive questionnaires: The Unified Motive Scales. Journal of Research in Personality, 46, 725–742. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2012.08.010 [publisher link][PDF, 1.2 MB] [Website with supplementary material]
  • Schönbrodt, F. D., & Asendorpf, J. B. (2012). Attachment dynamics in a virtual world. Journal of Personality, 80, 429-463. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2011.00736.x [publisher link] [PDF, 697 KB]
  • Schönbrodt, F. D., Back, M. D., & Schmukle, S. C. (2012). TripleR: An R package for social relations analyses based on round-robin designs. Behavior Research Methods, 44, 455–470. doi:10.3758/s13428-011-0150-4. [publisher link [PDF, 1.8 MB]


  • Schönbrodt, F. D., & Asendorpf, J. B. (2011). The challenge of constructing psychologically believable agents. Journal of Media Psychology: Theories, Methods, and Applications, 23, 100-107. doi:10.1027/1864-1105/a000040 [publisher link] [PDF, 266 KB]
  • Schönbrodt, F. D., & Asendorpf, J. B. (2011). Virtual social environments as a tool for psychological assessment: Dynamics of interaction with a virtual spouse. Psychological Assessment, 23, 7 - 17. [publisher link] [PDF, 280KB]
  • Back, M. D., Baumert, A., Denissen, J. J. A., Hartung, F.-M., Penke, L., Schmukle, S. C., Schönbrodt, F. D., et al. (2011). PERSOC: A unified framework for understanding the dynamic interplay of personality and social relationships. European Journal of Personality, 25, 90-107. doi:10.1002/per.811 (PDF, 391 KB)
  • Denissen, J. J. A., Schönbrodt, F. D., van Zalk, M., Meeus, W. H. J., & van Aken, M. A. G. (2011). Antecedents and consequences of peer-rated intelligence. European Journal of Personality, 25, 108-119. doi:10.1002/per.799

2010 and earlier

  • Petters, D., Waters, E., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2010). Strange carers: Robots as attachment figures and aids to parenting. Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems, 11, 246–252.  (PDF, 51KB)
  • Schönbrodt, F.D., Unkelbach, S.R., Spinath, F.M. (2009). Broad Motives in Short Scales - A Questionnaire for the Zurich Model of Social Motivation. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 25, 141-149. (PDF, 233KB)
  • Schönbrodt, F.D. (2007). Interview mit Prof. Dr. Karl Grammer. Zeitschrift für Medienpsychologie, 19, 160-161.

Book Chapters

  • Zehetleitner, M., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2015). When misrepresentation is successful. In T. Breyer (Ed.), Epistemological dimensions of evolutionary psychology (pp. 197–222). New York: Springer. [PDF, 0.54 MB]
  • Petters, D., Waters, E., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (in press). Measurement and modeling: Complementary approaches to the organization and underpinnings of attachment behavior. In E. Waters, B. Vaughn, & H. Waters (Eds.), Measuring attachment. New York: Guilford.

  • Schönbrodt, F. D., & Schwab, F. (2008). Transportation. In N. C. Krämer, S. Schwan, D. Unz, & M. Suckfüll (Eds.), Medienpsychologie. Schlüsselbegriffe und Konzepte (pp. 213-217). Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.

Other publications

  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2012). Why using age as a proxy for testosterone is a bad deal. doi:10.2139/ssrn.2028882
  • Schönbrodt, F.D. (2010). Transference of relationship qualities to a virtual world: Regulation of behavior to a virtual spouse. Dissertation, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. (PDF, 1.3MB)
  • Schönbrodt, F.D. (2006). Das Evolutionäre Motivprofil. Entwicklung eines Motivfragebogens zum 'Zürcher Modell sozialer Motivation' und seine Validierung an der PRF-D, dem MMG sowie biographischen Angaben [A profile of evolutionary motives - Development of a questionnaire for the 'Zurich model of social motivation' and its validation to the PRF-D, MMG and biographical events]. Online in Internet: http://psydok.sulb.uni-saarland.de/volltexte/2008/1578/ (Stand: 15.05.2008)

Published Software

  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2015). RSA: An R package for response surface analysis. Retrieved from https://github.com/nicebread/fSRM

  • Schönbrodt, F. D., Stas, L., & Loeys, T. (2014). fSRM: Social Relations Analyses with roles. Retrieved from http://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/RSA/index.html

  • Wilcox, R. R. & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2015). The WRS package for robust statistics in R (version 0.26). Retrieved from http://r-forge.r-project.org/projects/wrs/

  • Schmukle, S.C., Schönbrodt, F.D., & Back, M.D. (2014). TripleR: A package for round robin analyses using R (version 1.2). Retrieved from www.persoc.net.

Websites from Felix Schönbrodt

Workshops/ Summer schools

  • "How to do Open Science: Prospects and emerging standards": Frankfurt.
  • "Do's and Don'ts of data analysis: How to avoid and detect p-hacking": LMU Munich, University Bonn.
  • "Multilevel Models in R": Universität Greifswald; Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.
  • "Introduction to Response Surface Analyses": TU Munich, LMU Munich, University of Zurich, University of Osnabrück.
  • "Introduction to Social Relations Analyses in round-robin designs" (together with Mitja Back and Stefan Schmukle).
  • "Introduction to R", Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
  • Summer school "Robust Statistics for Personality And Individual Differences" (Bertinoro, Italy, July 16-21, 2011).
    Faculty: Jens B. Asendorpf, Marco Perugini, Ryne Sherman, Felix D. Schönbrodt, Rand R. Wilcox; Supported by EAPP and ISSID.
  • Summer school "Using R for personality research" (Bertinoro, Italy, 2014). Faculty: Marco Perugini, William Revelle, Yves Rosseel, Felix Schönbrodt, Ryne Sherman, Giulio Costantini; Supported by EAPP and ISSID.

Talks (Selection)

  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2014, September). Sequential Bayes Factors: Der flexible und effiziente Weg um Hypothesen zu testen [Sequential Bayes factors: The flexible and efficient way of hypothesis testing]. DGPs-Kongress, University of Bochum.
  • Hagemeyer, B. & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2014, September). Psychometrics of implicit motives. Symposium at the DGPs-Kongress, University of Bochum.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2014, May). Denk nicht nach und du kommst zur Lösung! Wann man (nicht) auf seine Intuition vertrauen sollte. [Stop to think and you will come to the solution! When we should (not) trust our intuitions]. Invited talk at the University of Landau.

  • Jiang, Y., Tiliopoulos, N., Schönbrodt, F. D., de Rosnay, M., & Gatt, J. M. (2013, November). Individual differences in adult attachment and reinforcement sensitivity as predictors of behaviour in a virtual social environment. Paper presented at the 12th Australasian Conference on Personality and Individual Differences, Brisbane, Australia
  • Jiang, Y., Schönbrodt, F. D., Tiliopoulos, N., de Rosnay, M., & Gatt, J. M. (2013, November). Attachment and motivational influences on behaviour in a virtual social environment. Paper presented at the 13th Annual Conference of the Australian Psychological Society’s Psychology of Relationships Interest Group, Sydney, Australia.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2013, September). Lasst uns unsere absoluten Differenzen beilegen: Response Surface Analysen als valide Alternative zu Differenzwerten. Positionsreferat auf der DPPD in Greifswald.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2013, May). How do explicit and implicit motives interact? Modern statistical models for congruence hypotheses. Invited talk at TU Munich.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2013, February). Power stress, facial expressions, and the power motive: A double dissociation pattern? Invited talk at the University of Erlangen.
  • Schönbrodt, F.D. (2012, October). The boundary between 'I' and 'You': The gaze-cueing-effect as an indirect measure of 'differentiation of self'? Invited talk at the University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2012, September). Dyadic similarity and intergenerational transmission of explicit and implicit motives. Talk held at the DGPs conference, Bielefeld, Germany.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2012, September). Personality research in virtual environments: Welcome to Simoland. Talk held at the Quo-Vadis symposium of the DGPs, Bielefeld, Germany.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2012, September). Power stress und Mimik. Eine doppelte Dissoziation impliziter und expliziter Motive? [Power stress and mimic: A double dissociation of implicit and explicit motives?] Talk held at the 32. MPK, Halle, Germany.
  • Hagemeyer, B., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2012, September). Psychometrie impliziter Motive. Talk held at the 32. MPK, Halle, Germany.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2012, July).  Can we judge other's (implicit) motives? A Social Relations Analysis of motive perceptions. Talk held at the 16th European Conference on Personality (ECP16), Triest, Italy.
  • Gerstenberg, F. X. R., Schönbrodt, F. D. (2012, July). Validation of an item response theory analysis of self-report measures of motives. Talk held at the 16th European Conference on Personality (ECP16), Triest, Italy.
  • Zehetleitner, M., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2012, March). Meta-, para-, and ortho-cosmos: when misrepresentation is optimal. Invited talk at the symposium "Epistemological Foundations of Evolutionary Psychology", Internationales Wissenschaftsforum Heidelberg.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2012, January). Verhaltensbeobachtung in virtuellen Welten: Ein „Fremde-Situations-Test“ für Erwachsene? [Behavioral observations in virtual worlds: A strange-situation-test for adults?]. University of Dortmund, Germany.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2011, September). Bindungsdynamik zu einem virtuellen Partner: Verhaltensuntersuchung in virtuellen Welten [Attachment dynamics to a virtual partner: Investigating behavior in virtual environments]. Talk held at the 11th conference of the DPPD, Saarbrücken, Germany. [PDF, 1.8MB]
  • Dislich, F. X. R., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2011, September). An Item Response Theory analysis of self-report measures of motives. Talk held at the 11 th European Conference on Psychological Assessment, Riga, Latvia.
  • Schönbrodt, F.D., Dislich, F.X.R. (2011, July). Die "Unified Motive Scales": Eine Item-Response-Analyse und Synthese von expliziten Motivfragebögen [The Unififed Motive Scales: An Item-response analysis and synthesis of motive questionnaires]. Vortrag auf dem 31. MPK (Motivationspsychologisches Kolloquium), München
  • Stollenwerk, D., Schmidt, A. F., Imhoff, R., Eggers, K., Schönbrodt, F. D., & Banse, R. (2010, November). The indirect measurement of a preference for sexual coercion in a sadomasochistic context. Paper presented as the XVth Workshop Aggression in Bonn, Germany.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. & Hagemeyer, B. (2010, July). Ein Kuli hat kein Backspace - werden spontane Motivausdrücke in Computer-PSEs wieder gelöscht? Vortrag auf dem 30. MPK (Motivationspsychologisches Kolloquium), Mannheim.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. & Zehetleitner, M. (2010, March). Ein Lächeln schenkt nicht immer Freude. Eine empirische Untersuchung von 7 Lächelvarianten. Vortrag auf der 52. TeaP (Tagung experimentell arbeitender Psychologen), Saarbrücken.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2009, October). Assessing interaction dynamics in virtual environments. Eingeladener Vortrag an der Ryerson University, Toronto.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2009, October). Intimacy, autonomy, and ego-boundaries: The dance of distance. Vortrag an der Stony Brook University, New York.
  • Denissen, J., Schönbrodt, F. D., Selfhout, M. (2009, September). Je bekannter, desto fremder: Eine aufschlussreiche Anomalie bei der Intelligenzeinschätzung. Vortrag auf der 10. Fachgruppenkonferenz der DPPD, Landau.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2009, July). Die Psychologie der Ich-Grenze. Vortrag im Kolloquium der Sozialpsychologie, Department Psychologie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.  (PDF, 2.4MB)
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2009, February). Robuste Statistiken und logistische Multilevel-Analysen von virtuellem Interaktionsverhalten. Vortrag im Kolloquium Advances in Personality and Relationship Science, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2009, January). Partnerschaft und Persönlichkeitsentwicklung. Vortrag auf der 2. Konferenz von PERSOC, Berlin.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2008, September). Lieben Sie Ihren virtuellen Partner? Die Messung des impliziten Intimitätsmotivs durch ein Computerspiel. Vortrag auf dem 28. MPK (Motivationspsychologisches Kolloquium), Trier.  (PDF, 4.2MB)
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2008, July). How do you treat your virtual partner? Assessment of implicit motives with a computer game. Vortrag auf dem XXIX International Congress of Psychology, Berlin.  (PDF, 3.0MB)
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2007, September). TIMVE - Ein impliziter Motivtest in virtuellen Welten. Vortrag auf dem 28. MPK (Motivationspsychologisches Kolloquium), Siegen.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2007, July). The 'virtual field' - a new paradigm for behavioral observations? Vortrag auf der Sommerschule der ISHE (International Society for Human Ethology), MPI Seewiesen.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2006, August). Das Fundament der Motivation - Die evolutionären Grundlagen menschlicher Motive. Vortrag auf der Sommerschule "Evolutionäre Anthropologie" am Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg Delmenhorst.


  • Schönbrodt, F. D., Hagemeyer, B., & "Netzwerk Psychometrie impliziter Motive" (2013, July). Die Psychometrie impliziter Motive (Teil 1 von 7): Kodiere jeden Satz, und die Messung wird reliabler! MPK, Osnabrück. [pdf, 1.4 MB]
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2007, September). Intimität und Autonomie - Ein impliziter Motivtest in virtuellen Welten. Poster auf der Fachgruppentagung Differentielle Psychologie, Persönlichkeitspsychologie und Psychologische Diagnostik (DPPD), Wien.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D. (2007, July). Do you trust your 'virtual partner'? Cooperation towards a self-modelled avatar of your partner. Poster auf der 13. Konferenz der ISSID (International Society for the Study of Individual Differences), Gießen.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D., Unkelbach, S. R. (2007, March). Das Evolutionäre Motivprofil (EMP-Z). Poster auf der 8. MVE-Tagung (Menschliches Verhalten in evolutionärer Perspektive), Landau.
  • Schönbrodt, F. D., Unkelbach, S. R. (2006, March). Ein evolutionäres Persönlichkeitsmodell - die "Tiefenstruktur" der Persönlichkeit? Poster auf der 7. MVE-Tagung (Menschliches Verhalten in evolutionärer Perspektive), Köln.